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Sports Law Dictionary

This page is a resource for Sport Management students and professionals. There are times where we must check our notes. With the Sports Law Dictionary, we have a chance to do that.

Terms

1. Judgement Proof -If someone doesn’t have any income or property a creditor can legally go after, they are often referred to as judgement proof.

2. Plaintiff – The party who complains or brings an action.

3. Defendant -The party against which an action is brought.

4. Jurisdiction -The authority to hear and determine cases/causes of action.

5. Attractive Nuisance -Something on a piece of property that attracts children but also threatens their safety.

6. Invitee – A person who enters another’s premises because of an express or implied invitation of the owner/occupant for their mutual gain/benefit.

7. Licensee –An individual who is allowed to enter a piece of property by permission of the owner. There cannot be any type of reciprocal profit motive.

8. Trespasser -Someone who enters land or a building without the owner’s permission.

9. Real Property – Land and all things attached to it.

10. Private Nuisance – A private nuisance is an interference with a person’s use and enjoyment of their land.

11. Independent Contractor – An independent contractor contracts with a person or entity to do a particular piece of work. The working relationship is flexible, providing benefits to both contracting parties.

12. Corporation -A company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such by law.

13. General Partner – A general partner takes part in the daily operations of the partnership and is personally responsible for liabilities of the partnership.

14. C Corporation – C corporations are legally separate entities from their owners. With a C corporation, income is taxed at the corporate level and again when distributed to owners.

15. Limited Partner – A partner whose liability is limited to the extent of the partner’s share of ownership. Limited partners generally don’t have any management responsibility in the partnership in which they invest.

16. Sole Proprietorship -A business structure where an individual and his/her company are considered a single entity for tax and liability purposes.

17. Limited Liability Company (LLC) -Like a corporation, a limited liability company (LLC) is a separate and distinct legal entity. An LLC can get a tax identification number, open bank accounts and do business, all under its own name. A key advantage of an LLC is that its owners, called members, have limited liability. In most cases, they are not personally liable for the debts and liabilities of the LLC.

18. S Corporation -An S corporation, unlike a regular corporation, is not a separate taxable entity under the Internal Revenue Code. The S corporation does not pay taxes on its net income. Net profits of the corporation pass through to its owners.

19. Tort –Torts are civil wrongs recognized as grounds for a lawsuit.

20. Duty –A legal obligation regarding mandatory conduct or performance.

21. Breach of Duty –Generally speaking, it is any violation or omission of a legal or moral duty.

22. Damage – The loss caused, including through negligence, by one person to another, his/her property, or his/her reputation.

23. Proximate Cause -Proximate cause is the primary cause of an injury.

24. Damages – Money awarded by a court in a civil action to a plaintiff.